Testing the Apple Watch Series 3


To actually perceive why the Apple Watch Series 3 issues, you need to recall a little bit of latest tech historical past: the announcement of the primary Apple Watch in 2014 was a really large deal. For the primary time, a number one expertise firm was plunging headfirst into the smartwatch area. While evaluations of the Watch had been blended, consumers were enthralled. And the product sold well. Because the Watch had fitness-tracking capabilities, many analysts predicted that it will mark the the tip of manufacturers like Garmin and Fitbit. 

Instead, the other occurred: the Apple Watch made whole wearables market higher. Sales of smartwatches and trackers surged. Garmin launched the Forerunner 225. Fitbit launched the Blaze. Meanwhile, software program builders like Strava made wearable-friendly apps.

An analogous state of affairs performed out in 2016, with the discharge of the Watch Series 2. Apple added well being and health capabilities, however as soon as once more the competitors responded with their very own upgrades, most notably enhancing construct high quality, persevering with to roll out optical coronary heart fee monitoring, and including smartwatch options. 

After per week of testing the $399 Watch 3 on an abbreviated health circuit—bike rides, lengthy walks, navigating cities—I can safely say that Apple will as soon as once more have an outsized impression on the smartwatch business. The Series 3 isn’t excellent, however at the least within the short-term, it’s going to make each different smartwatch available on the market really feel out of date. 

What Is This Thing, Anyway?

In our preview of the Series 3, we declared it a watch that athletes will need. This earned us scorn from some Facebook readers who had been underwhelmed by the Watch’s battery life and insisted that it shouldn’t be categorized as a high-performance health tracker. 

They’re proper. But Apple has by no means introduced the Watch as essentially the most refined health tracker available on the market. The first model was a smartwatch with some strong fitness-tracking options. In model 2, it grew to become a bona fide health tracker with robust smartwatch capabilities. Version 3 is a stellar health software, and fingers down the very best smartwatch out there for iPhone house owners. 

By design, the Watch shouldn’t be purported to be the proper present on your Ironman-obsessed sister-in-law. There are some nice high-end, sport-specific merchandise that already do issues like sync with SRM energy meters. Instead, it’s meant for the a lot bigger variety of us who desire a gadget to trace our hikes and rides however that may deal with smartwatch features like streaming music and responding to texts. This overview is written with these readers in thoughts. If, like a few of my Outside colleagues, you demand a tracker that holds a cost for 5 days and has tactile buttons for exercises, be at liberty to cease studying right here.  

The New Hardware

The Series 3 appears to be like and feels identical to another Apple Watch, and it is suitable with all of your outdated bands. Complete particulars are on Apple’s web site. And you’ll discover them thoughtfully dissected and defined on websites like The Verge. For our functions, there are 2 essential concerns: 

Cellular connectivity. That’s the large headline. You can now (really, coming subsequent month), stream music out of your Watch, make calls (straight on the Watch or by utilizing Apple’s AirPod earbuds), obtain texts, and let family and friends observe your location with out your iPhone. This all occurs seamlessly out of your present cellphone quantity. And it really works higher than marketed: the calls are crisp and the Watch is responsive. I anticipated that I’d discover myself lacking my cellphone. I not often did.

(Note: Other reviewers experienced significant issues with the Watch’s cellular connectivity. In our expertise, just a few texts did fail to ship on the Metro and Siri wasn’t speaking again. But calling labored simply fantastic in D.C. and Santa Fe.)

Beyond the mobile improve, there’s the addition of a barometric altimeter. This software helps the watch precisely measure elevation acquire. There isn’t a lot else to say past: it really works, and that’s one thing that can make athletes joyful. You can now journey and run with out your cellphone and get correct climbing knowledge.

What about GPS and the center fee monitor? Given the well-established credentials and limitations of the Watch plus its efficiency all through the check, we will not be bearing on these beforehand reviewed characteristic. We will nonetheless briefly reward the brand new Sport Loop. It’s snug, appears to be like enjoyable, and it permits you to put on the Watch extra tightly across the wrist. That cosy match helps the optical coronary heart fee sensor carry out at its finest.

The New Software


The largest health upgrades come courtesy of watchOS4, the brand new working system out there to all Watch house owners. This is a radically simplified interface that places your well being on the heart of the expertise. Practically talking, it means you get a refreshed Workout app, plus some thrilling new heart-rate monitoring options:

  • Heart-rate variability monitoring. This stat can be utilized to grasp how well you’re recovering and if you’re about to get sick. The Watch measures this if you provoke the Breathe app (Apple’s mindfulness software) and through different occasions the Watch detects to be appropriate all through the day.
  • Resting coronary heart fee: The beats per minute of your coronary heart at relaxation, a measure of total health and fatigue.
  • Walking common: A brand new software from Apple that measures your common coronary heart fee whereas strolling.
  • Heart fee restoration: How your coronary heart fee responds after a exercise, one other potential measure of health and fatigue.
  • Elevated coronary heart fee: An opt-in system designed to inform you if their your fee goes above a self-selected threshold if you’ve been inactive for ten minutes or longer

The above upgrades are vital sufficient to warrant a software program replace.

How Does It Work?

For this overview, I went on a handful rides and spent a number of days trekking round Washington, D.C. on a visit. I didn’t get an opportunity to check the Watch within the pool or on a path. For our long-term check, we’ll be placing the Watch by a extra thorough battery of exercises. 

(Scott Rosenfield)

Exercising with the Watch 

I obtained the watch at about 4:45 p.m. on Tuesday, September 12. I jumped in a automobile with Outside govt editor Michael Roberts at about 6 p.m. While he drove away from the Apple Park to flee visitors, I arrange the Watch, gossiped about coworkers, and ate an vitality bar. By 7:30 p.m., I used to be able to journey. And whereas my unique Watch died partway by the tour, the Series 3 stored its cost.

During our hour-long journey, I concurrently tracked my exercise by the Workout app and on a secondary cellphone (that wasn’t paired with the brand new Watch) utilizing Strava. I didn’t hearken to music or textual content my pals whereas driving, however the Watch’s new was a distinction maker. It made me really feel that I’d have been snug exploring and not using a cellphone. And it allowed me to trace an elevation acquire of 1,200 toes. These look like small issues, however a product like that is about small advances and upgrades.

On my 2nd journey, again in Santa Fe, the Watch confirmed an incorrect elevation acquire recording, seemingly the results of a thunderstorm that blew in whereas I used to be out. The drastic change in air stress would have have affected any barometric altimeter. As anticipated, it was a problem I didn’t expertise on another rides or walks.

(Scott Rosenfield)

Choosing between utilizing Strava and Workout is a typical Watch expertise, and one which predates the Series 3. You must assume about the way you’re monitoring your exercises and storing your knowledge otherwise you’ll find yourself with a complicated coaching log. There are additionally actual tradeoffs to be made relying on what app you employ.

Let’s begin with the Apple ecosystem. For these new to Watch, it really works one thing like this: on the Watch you document your exercises in Workout and observe your total exercise (hours of the day with standing, total motion, and minutes spent exercising) in Activity; on the cellphone, all of your knowledge is introduced in Health with exercises particularly showing in Activity. That makes Health your default coaching log. If you’re new to coaching or exercise monitoring—or in the event you’re snug storing all the pieces in Health—this isn’t a problem. Your knowledge is multi functional place. 

For individuals with years of information saved in apps like Training Peaks, or for folk who desire a sturdy desktop interface for reviewing their stats, it’s a bit problematic. Apple does not have an internet app or any desktop interface for viewing Health knowledge (and due to the corporate’s privateness stance, there seemingly is not 1 on the horizon). And whereas exporting your knowledge is doable, it isn’t handy—a large disadvantage for a tool designed to make well being and wellness simple. Practically talking, it implies that if you wish to document all the pieces by Workout—since you favor the interface or identical to preserving all the pieces inside Apple—after which have that knowledge routinely export and sync to, say, Strava, you are out of luck. How large of a deal is that this? For Outside readers, it hasn’t been a regularly voiced concern. And for me, it simply implies that I ought to ultimately decide 1 main platform. 

Overall, the Watch—from a sensor and software program perspective—accomplishes what I at the moment want from a health tracker on the bike. It exhibits me distance and period in actual time. And if I am utilizing Strava, it uploads my journey after I’m accomplished. It has changed my Garmin pc in nearly each state of affairs (save for ultra-endurance demise rides). But the Watch kind issue shouldn’t be the perfect software for cyclists. To view any of the stats, I’ve to boost my wrist from the handlebars. And to regulate music or fiddle with settings, I’ve to take each fingers off the bars. To be clear, these are criticisms of all watches. But they’re extra pronounced with the Watch. Some watches have an always-on display that make the glancing simpler. And different manufacturers include handlebar attachments. Runners I’ve spoken with have expressed skepticism concerning the lack of buttons and the display’s capability to reply in rain and thru sweat. This is a legitimate concern, however 1 I haven’t actually seen on the bike (besides whereas sporting long-finger gloves). The touchscreen all the time—even in mild rain—has labored fantastic for me. I’ve additionally discovered it to be seen underneath shiny daylight.

(As somebody who as soon as fancied himself an honest bike owner, essentially the most Watch-specific subject is that it doesn’t at the moment sync with ANT+ gadgets, reminiscent of energy meters. That pertains to a small subset of cyclists, however in the event you don’t go away residence with out your energy meter, the Watch is not going to be your all-in-one health tracker.)

Texting and Calling on the Watch

I underestimated simply how impactful the Watch’s mobile connectivity can be. On quick rides, it provides me the consolation to go with out my cellphone. If one thing had been to occur, I’m assured that I may name for assist. When paired with the AirPods, the decision high quality was clear. Likewise, having the ability to rapidly ship a textual content was a surprisingly vital characteristic. Running late? Instead of leaving somebody on the opposite finish worrying, I may rapidly shoot a message. While I didn’t check the GPS mapping performance on the bike, I did use it to get residence from a live performance after my cellphone died. And I may see it serving to me navigate a brand new metropolis whereas on a run or journey. 

Music on the Watch

There are legit causes to remain inside Apple’s ecosystem. On the Watch, their apps have a tendency to simply work a little bit bit higher, at the least proper now. The largest instance of this for me is the mixing of Music and Workout. When I journey on quiet roads, I wish to hold 1 earbud in to hearken to music and the opposite dangling in order that I can higher hear approaching vehicles. My AirPods plus Watch have changed a full suite of gadgets I used to journey with: a cellphone for connectivity, wired headphones, and a Watch for health monitoring. In Workout, it’s easy to vary the tune or quantity: simply swipe after which use the controls as standard. You keep inside Workout your complete time. It’s not really easy in Strava. You should exit out of the app, open Music, make the change, and transfer again in. Again, it’s a seemingly minor grievance. But if you’re in the midst of a run or journey, these inconveniences matter—each by way of pacing and likewise preserving your consideration on visitors. Again, take note of the apps you employ and the way you want to make use of them. Spotify gives an app for AndroidWear however doesn’t have 1 but for the Watch (although there’s 1 coming).

Testing the Battery

Everyone needs to find out about battery life. The downside with measuring battery life is that utilization can range dramatically between individuals. To present essentially the most correct attainable evaluation, I performed a wide range of checks: 

  • Go-till-you-die with heavy use: Almost 16 hours. I began utilizing a fully-charged Watch at 7 a.m. I used all of it day whereas touring to reply to Slacks and texts. I turned it off at evening for about eight hours. I turned it on the next morning and it made it till about 11:00 a.m.
  • Go-till-you-die with Workout: About 3 hours. This was essentially the most stunning results of the check. I began a strolling Workout, used the Watch to textual content and navigate, and performed music. It didn’t final lengthy. To verify the consequence, I examined it once more however spent much less time enjoying with apps on the Watch. In that case, I obtained over 4 hours of Workout monitoring—within the context of a full day of use whereas touring—earlier than getting the 10 % battery remaining warning.
  • Workout Power Saving Mode: Full day. I launched this mode, which disables the mobile connectivity and optical coronary heart fee monitor (however maintains GPS performance), and initiated a strolling Workout. I stored the session going for about 5 hours. Then I turned off power-saving mode and went about the remainder of my day with out operating out of cost. 

If you’ve owned a Watch beforehand, there isn’t a lot new right here. Using extra options drains the battery extra rapidly. Expect this Watch to final about so long as the outdated 1, as long as you’re not continuously calling or texting individuals. If you’re new to the Watch, although, some clarification: for many exercises longer than 2 hours, I take advantage of an exterior heart-rate monitor and disable the optical HRM. That helps protect battery. 

What do I make of the above? For 95 % of my use instances, the Watch can have sufficient battery to make me a contented person. Long rides? Check. Long hikes? Check. Ironman triathletes gained’t be in luck, however they could need one other gadget particularly tailor-made to triathlons anyway. 

In-house, we’ve devised a holy grail check for health trackers: driving to a campsite, tenting out, going for a brief hike, after which driving again residence. The Watch ought to theoretically be capable of maintain a cost for that (one thing I’ll verify within the long-term overview). More than another facet of the Watch, that is one which I’m desperate to proceed testing.

Activity and Workout 

(Scott Rosenfield)

If you already personal an Apple Watch, the brand new software program will dramatically rework your gadget. The adjustments to Workout and Activity are refined, however they reveal a lot about Apple’s understanding of well being and wellness.

When I interviewed Jay Blahnik, Apple’s director of health for well being applied sciences, in 2015, he synthesized Apple’s wellness stance as follows: there are 3 key trackable parts to exercise, together with standing, all-day motion, and train. The Watch is designed to measure all 3—and to nudge you into making smarter decisions. To observe every factor, the Activity app options 3 rings, 1 for every of the above parts. Your day by day purpose is to shut all 3 rings. 

In latest years, Apple has added sleep, vitamin, and mindfulness to their well being combine. While the Watch now has a built-in Breathe app to encourage mindfulness, sleep and vitamin are notoriously troublesome to trace and absent from the Apple native app ecosystem (save for third-party apps). Many research and anecdotes have shown sleep tracking to be, in short, a sham. And calorie counting requires person energetic person participation: you need to really enter what you’re consuming. 

This understanding of well being is surprisingly hack-free and correct. That’s the place the most recent model of watchOS is available in. The gadget is slowly however steadily gaining the flexibility to affect conduct. Until now, Apple largely achieved this by the ring interface. But with smarter Activity teaching, Apple is taking an enormous step ahead. In the morning, the Watch will immediate you to remain extra energetic by figuring out a streak you’re on and urging you to stick with it. If it could actually’t discover one thing forward-looking, the app will pick 1 good factor you probably did the day earlier than and urge you to do it once more. The smarter teaching exhibits itself in 2 different conditions. If you’ve closed your ring on a run, the app gives you an in-the-moment notification. This brings the reward lots nearer to the motion. And, maybe most significantly, in the event you’re not on observe to shut your rings, the app will immediate you to rise up and go stroll at a brisk tempo. It’ll additionally inform you the precise period of time it’s worthwhile to transfer to hit your purpose. Apple picked strolling as a result of it’s one thing nearly anybody can do in nearly any state of affairs. (It sends the notification early sufficient within the day that you would be able to take motion. There’s one other notification in the event you’re a hair away from hitting your targets.) 

I admit that the above doesn’t sound notably impactful. Will a notification really make anybody more healthy? In my expertise, the reply is sure. While I do know some Watch house owners who by no means took to the rings and don’t discover them motivating, I’ve had the other expertise. The Watch helped me change into the healthiest model of myself, in a time interval when it was most troublesome to remain match. And on the flip facet, when a damaged band stored my Watch out of fee for over a month, I discovered myself gaining weight, transferring much less, and ignoring my physique. Coupled with the experiences of so many others, I firmly consider that the Watch can have a big impression—in case your character is primed to reply to its prompts. For this inhabitants, I feel the brand new notifications can be a big step ahead. They’re mild sufficient to not be annoying, but additionally actionable sufficient to vary the trajectory of a day. Their impression is one thing I plan to trace fastidiously over the subsequent few months of long-term testing.

It bears mentioning that whereas Activity is the epicenter of change in watchOS4, the Workout app can be a lot improved. You can transfer from exercise to exercise seamlessly (say, in the event you’re transitioning from operating to biking). And the app itself is simply a lot cleaner and simpler to make use of. 

Heart Rate Monitoring


It’s too early to say how useful and influential Apple’s foray into refined heart-rate monitoring can be. But I get the sense that it’s about to show a big subset of Watch customers into biohackers.

Historically, the Watch did basically 1 user-facing factor with coronary heart fee: it offered a mean following exercises. That was it, and it was lots much less refined an output than what most different apps and watches offered. With watchOS4, Apple has opened up a lot extra knowledge. For the needs of this overview, I’ll section it into 2 buckets: efficiency and well being knowledge. 

Let’s begin with efficiency. Measures like heart-rate variability, resting coronary heart fee, and restoration coronary heart fee have lengthy been utilized by athletes throughout a complete spectrum of sports activities. When in severe coaching, I’ve discovered restoration coronary heart fee and resting coronary heart fee to be surprisingly efficient instruments. In mixture, the 2 measures have predicted widespread colds and helped me tailor my coaching load (at the side of measuring coaching stress rating by Training Peaks). I’ve additionally discovered the measurements to be useful for athletes I’ve coached, notably in convincing them to hearken to their our bodies (individuals are inclined to belief a heart-based quantity greater than perceived exertion). While I by no means earlier than had entry to Apple’s strolling coronary heart fee common, I did have my very own model of it. I’d begin every indoor exercise with a 10 minute interval at 200 watts, or a brisk tempo. Tracking my common coronary heart fee throughout this interval after which measuring the restoration interval afterward was the only simplest metric I had in coaching. And it’s one thing that Apple is making an attempt to copy with strolling coronary heart fee. 

When it involves evaluating these metrics, it’s price preserving just a few issues in thoughts: there isn’t consensus on their use, however loads of individuals discover them useful. That could also be why Apple has chosen to avoid offering actionable insights from the stats. If your resting coronary heart fee has risen for per week and your coronary heart fee isn’t recovering prefer it used to, the Watch gained’t inform you to take a preemptive sick day. But there’s nothing stopping an app-maker from utilizing that knowledge to offer such insights. While I’ve criticized fitness-trackers for the shortage of helpful suggestions prior to now (possibly due to FDA restrictions), I feel Apple made the best transfer. This kind of biometric knowledge is simply too seemingly too private to offer population-level takeaways from. I’d favor for a third-party app that focuses on any such evaluation take the lead. This is best for the Watch’s credibility and for customers.

Given the above, the next might come as a little bit of a shock: I’m very excited to see the place Apple goes with its Heart Study and the elevated coronary heart fee notification system. The former is a examine designed to assist spot issues like irregular coronary heart rhythms. The latter is one thing you can begin utilizing now. If you decide into the monitoring, Apple will notify you in case your coronary heart fee goes above a set threshold of 100 to 150 beats per minute throughout a interval during which you’ve got been inactive for 10 or extra minutes. This is designed that will help you flag potential well being points like panic assaults and tachycardia. In a group assembly post-keynote, a handful of Outside editors debated the deserves of such a system. Would it create a wave of false positives resulting in pointless and costly testing? Would individuals merely ignore it? 

The train and well being sources I reached out to concerning the expertise had been cautiously optimistic concerning the performance, however had been hesitant to go on document with out utilizing the gadget or talking with Apple. In my expertise with the Watch, I had 1 notification. After wanting on the surrounding knowledge, I concluded that it was an odd combine up versus one thing to name my physician about. Given that the warning is opt-in and comparatively muted, it’s exhausting to think about the expertise resulting in a sequence of false positives and pointless interventions.

The Watch as Your Phone

Will the Watch enable you to go all day with out your cellphone? If you employ your iPhone largely as a cellphone, the Watch is a superbly good all-day substitute; in the event you use your iPhone as a smartphone, it would be best to use one thing extra highly effective than the Watch sooner or later in the course of the day. Essentially, the Watch does issues like responding to fast texts, putting calls, and surfacing pressing e mail very well. In some ways, it really works higher than the cellphone. Many customers arrange the Watch to display out all however essentially the most essential notifications. This brings the vital into higher reduction. Because the one people who can attain me on my watch are quick household and my boss (and his boss), I soar when it buzzes. Since anybody can attain me on my cellphone, I don’t pay as a lot consideration to the notifications. But for many all the pieces else, the cellphone is unsurprisingly a greater gadget. 

The Bottom Line

When the Series 3 was introduced, we put collectively a quick submit with our preliminary ideas. Essentially, we tried to find the product’s viewers by saying: it’s good for the well being and wellness set, actually good for the health set, and OK for the hard-core athlete set. We stand by that overview. This Watch is a tool that almost all readers may gain advantage from. If you’re nonetheless utilizing an unique Watch or want to purchase your first wearable, the Series 3 is the software Apple all the time wished to construct: a health software with smartphone capabilities too helpful to take off.

(Editor references)

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