Summer requires spending time outdoor and absorbing the solar at seashores, lakes and parks. It’s additionally the time of yr when bugs come out to play, so bug bites and itchy rashes are extra frequent than standard — until you know the way to cease them of their tracks. Here’s stop bug bites and rashes and deal with them rapidly in the event that they do happen.
Why bug bites & rashes are so frequent in summer season
Just like seashore days and ice cream, bug bites and summer season are the proper match. Bugs thrive in heat climate and humidity, in order that they’re naturally extra lively in summer season. Dr. Ryan Harvey, scientific director of House Call Doctor, says summer season rain additionally encourages bugs to breed, resulting in inhabitants explosions. The extra critters which can be out, the upper the prospect of getting bitten.
The similar goes for rashes — many rashes (comparable to warmth rash and swimmer’s itch) are related to summery actions, whereas others develop on account of bug bites.
How to forestall bug bites & rashes
Let’s speak prevention. To some extent, publicity to bugs is inevitable — however there are some measures you’ll be able to take to cut back your possibilities of being bitten. As Harvey explains, “The best way to do this is by forming barriers between yourself and any insect that may want to bite you.”
He suggests putting in insect screens to cease bugs from getting into your property, particularly in tropical areas, and sustaining your backyard and garden. Also, he advises emptying containers which can be pooling water, as these are wonderful breeding grounds.
Dr. Nava Greenfield of Schweiger Dermatology Group says insect repellent is efficient and secure to make use of.
“Deet is a controversial ingredient, however I discover it’s the solely repellent that basically works,” she tells SheKnows.
Rashes are extra various, however our consultants’ recommendation is straightforward: Be cautious, and take heed to your environment. To fight inflammatory rashes like warmth rash and photosensitivity, defend your pores and skin by carrying long-sleeve but light-weight clothes and select shade over the tough solar. For plant stings and swimmer’s itch, take a while to analysis the pure environments you’re planning to discover (like bushlands and seashores) for recommendation.
As for fungal infections like athlete’s foot, Greenfield says it’s essential to maintain your toes cool and dry and to keep away from direct contact with “warm and moist environments where fungus likes to grow and thrive” together with your toes, comparable to gyms, saunas and locker rooms. In different phrases, put on footwear when you’ll be able to.
The greatest remedy for bug bites
So, you’ve been bitten — now what? In most instances, bites heal on their very own with somewhat assist from topical steroids and pain-relieving medicines. If one thing appears or feels out of the extraordinary, Greenfield says to seek the advice of a physician or dermatologist.
“If the bite looks larger, more swollen or more painful than usual, it’s best to have it evaluated by a dermatologist,” she tells SheIs aware of.
“Sometimes, stingers need to be removed from the skin, so if a bite is feeling very irritated or painful, have it evaluated,” she says.
Harvey gives this recommendation for particular bites:
- Mosquito bites. Use analgesia for the ache, antihistamines for the itch, and apply cool compresses to the bitten pores and skin. He factors out, “Some mosquitos can carry infectious diseases and viruses, and if you show signs of fevers, lethargy, body aches or headaches after mosquito bites, it’s important to get checked by your doctor.”
- Bee/wasp stings. A bee leaves its stinger embedded within the pores and skin, so it’s essential to take away the stinger “and hence the venom from your skin.” Harvey says most bee and wasp stings will be handled with cool compresses, ache relievers and antihistamines.
- Fire ant bites. After shifting away from the nest, Harvey suggests in search of ache reduction comparable to Paracetamol or ibuprofen and seeing a physician for a stronger prescription if the ache doesn’t subside.
- Chigger bites. Treat the irritation and irritation with steroid-based lotions.
Treating frequent rashes
“The best way to treat any rash is to have it evaluated by a dermatologist. That way, it can be properly diagnosed and treated,” advises Greenfield.
She explains that whereas most rashes go away on their very own, comparable to warmth rash, others, like athlete’s foot and poison ivy, don’t.
These are one of the best methods to deal with summer season rashes:
- Poison ivy/oak. Remove the sting and apply a topical steroid to cut back irritation. Pain reduction could also be required, provides Harvey.
- Athlete’s foot. Dry your toes correctly and apply an antifungal cream or ointment on to the rash, Harvey says.
- Heat rash. Cool down by shifting to the shade, ingesting water and icing the realm.
- Sun allergic reactions/photosensitivity. Treat this the identical as warmth rash. If the realm could be very itchy, Greenfield advises utilizing topical steroids and antihistamines.
- Swimmer’s itch. Remove your self from the freshwater lake/river/ocean and rinse the parasites off your pores and skin. The rash ought to then resolve by itself, however you should use anti-itch lotions and oral antihistamines.
What not to do
“Don’t wait! If you’re uncomfortable, go see a doctor!” advises Greenfield.
“And don’t use prescription creams that you have at home on a rash that has not yet been diagnosed,” she adds. “It can alter the presentation of the rash, which will make the diagnosis and treatment more challenging.”